Bitou Bush

Chrysanthemoides Monilifera

The Coastal Invader: How to Identify and Remove Bitou Bush (Chrysanthemoides Monilifera)


Bitou Bush, scientifically known as Chrysanthemoides monilifera, is an invasive shrub that has become a significant problem along the coast of the Nambucca Valley. Originating from South Africa, this plant is notably hardy and fast-spreading, posing a substantial threat to native plant species and coastal ecosystems.

Identification Guide

Key Features

  • Glossy green leaves that are spoon-shaped
  • Yellow daisy-like flowers
  • Seeds in small, fleshy fruits


Bitou Bush can be mistaken for some native daisies; the glossy, spoon-shaped leaves are unique identifiers.


Bitou Bush predominantly invades coastal areas, sand dunes, and cliff tops but has also been found to spread inland into disturbed sites.

Impact on Local Ecosystem

  • Flora: Dominates and replaces native vegetation, particularly in coastal ecosystems.
  • Fauna: Alters the habitats of native fauna, affecting food and shelter sources.
  • Economic: Control and eradication are often costly and labour-intensive for local landholders.

Removal Methods

  • Mechanical: Physical removal by hand or machine, best done when the plant is young.
  • Chemical: Herbicides like glyphosate can be applied, but care should be taken to protect surrounding native plants.

Safety Precautions

Always wear gloves and long sleeves to protect your skin.
When using chemical methods, use proper safety gear including eye protection.


The removed plants should be bagged securely and disposed of in a designated area to prevent reseeding.


Early detection and rapid action are key to preventing a Bitou Bush invasion.
Use native plants in your landscaping to resist Bitou Bush encroachment.

Collaborative Efforts

Several local community groups and environmental agencies often run Bitou Bush removal programs. Your participation can be invaluable in these efforts.


Bitou Bush is a robust invader that poses a severe threat to the coastal ecosystems of the Nambucca Valley. Identifying and removing this invasive species is crucial for the health and sustainability of our local environment.

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